This is the structure of the American judiciary

The American judiciary is an independent branch of government that has been structured in a way that it can operate independently and free from any form of interference from the other branches of government namely the executive and the legislative. It’s essentially the role of the judiciary to give legal interpretation to the various laws that the country conforms to, which are primarily enshrined in the constitution.

In this article we will look at the 6 main courts in America that make up the judiciary as well as briefly look at the types of cases that they handle.

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court in America is the most superior court in the land and is the only court that has been expressly named in the country’s constitution. The work of this court is mainly to handle appeal cases from the other federal courts and will always stick to cases that have an impact on the entire nation and not just on individuals.

The Courts of Appeals

Below the Supreme Court seats 13 Courts of Appeals with each one mandated to handle appeals emanating from trial courts in their respective regional circuits. Any accused person who feels that a trial court didn’t apply the law correctly during their case is free to raise their appeal at the relevant appeals court.

Bankruptcy Appellate Panels

There are also special courts dedicated to hearing appeals from bankruptcy courts and these are the Bankruptcy Appellate Panels. These panels are an extension of the Courts of Appeals and it will be the responsibility of the respective circuits to establish them.

The District Courts

These are 94 in number and are what will commonly be referred to as trial courts. Each state has at least one of these courts and they are mandated to resolve any legal disputes that emerge between citizens or corporates within the borders of respective states. It’s mostly the responsibility of a judge to try cases and the responsibility of the jury to decide the cases that come to these courts.

Bankruptcy Courts

In America, it’s the mandate of Federal courts to hear all bankruptcy cases through Bankruptcy Courts. This therefore means that no other court can handle such cases with the exception of the Bankruptcy Appellate Panels that will handle appeals from this court.

Article I Courts

The Article I Courts are special courts that are created by the United StatesCongress to handle special hearings. An example of such Article I Courts includes US Tax Court, US Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims and the US Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.

Before any citizen goes to a lawyer to seek legal counsel, it will be beneficial to fully understand which specific court their case falls under so that they can get a lawyer who is familiar with handling cases at that required level.