שטר של כסף

כמה עולה תהליך פשיטת רגל?

קבלת ההחלטה להכריז על פשיטת רגל היא צעד גדול. יש כל כך הרבה מה לשקול – להעריך את כל האפשרויות שלכם, להבין מה פשיטת הרגל תעשה עבורכם (ומה היא לא תעשה), ולהיערך לתוצאות של הגשת פשיטת רגל. אם כבר החלטתם ללכת בדרך פשיטת הרגל, אתם עשויים לתהות בסופו של דבר, כמה עולה תהליך פשיטת רגל.

תהליך פשיטת הרגל ערוך, לכן חשוב לעבוד לפי מספר שלבים בסיסיים על מנת להבטיח שהתהליך יעבור בשלום:

 

שלב 1: מצא עורך דין טוב לייעוץ משפטי

ראשית, חשוב שתמצא עורך דין פשיטת רגל מנוסה בדיני פשיטת רגל. ישנן מספר דרכים למצוא עורך דין טוב לפשיטת רגל. לפעמים חבר או בן משפחה יכולים להמליץ ​​על עורך דין לפשיטת רגל. יש אנשים שמקבלים ייעוץ משפטי בעבודתם. ללשכת עורכי הדין מאגר מידע על עורכי דין לפשיטת רגל. וודאו כי נוח לכם עם עורך הדין ושאלו עם מי תתמודד במהלך המקרה שלכם.

 

שלב 2: הגשת בקשה לפשיטת רגל

הגשת הבקשה לפשיטת רגל יכול להיות מוגשת על ידי החייב או הנושה. על מנת שהבקשה תתקבל כבקשה לפשיטת רגל, עליה להיות מוגשת לכונס הנכסים הרשמי בהתאם למקום מגוריו או עסקיו של החייב ועליה לעמוד במספר תנאי סף. עלות פתיחת התיק היא 1,600 ₪.

 

שלב 3: הגשת פשיטת רגל לבית המשפט

פתיחת תיק פשיטת רגל בבית המשפט המוסמך לדון בתיק זה. תגובתו של כונס הנכסים תוצג גם היא בדיון ובית המשפט רשאי להעניק צו כינוס נכסים.

 

שלב 4: צו כינוס נכסים

שלב קריטי בהליך פשיטת הרגל בו נקבעים מועדיהם של הליכים עתידיים ולמעשה כל ההליכים נגד החייב מוקפאים ולא ניתן לפתוח בהליכים נוספים נגדו ללא אישור בית המשפט ויהיה מוגן עד תום ההליכים.

 

שלב 5: הגשת תביעות חוב ואסיפת נושים

לאחר שלב צו כינוס נכסים, הנושים יכולים להגיש תביעות חוב למשרדו של כונס הנכסים להמשך התהליך. בהמשך מקיים כונס הנכסים אסיפת נושים במשרדו ביחד עם החייב ונציגי הכונס והצדדים מנסים להגיע לפשרה או הסדר שיביא להסדר החוב.

 

שלב 6: דיון בדבר פשיטת הרגל בבית המשפט

במידה ובאסיפת הנושים לא הושג הסדר, בית המשפט יקיים דיון בבקשה להכריז על החייב כפושט רגל.

 

שלב 7: מינוי נאמן

לאחר שהוכרז החייב כפושט רגל, ממנה בית המשפט נאמן עבור כינוס נכסיו וחלוקה שלהם בין הנושים. נאמן זה יכול להיות נציגם של הנושים או אדם המומלץ על ידי כונס הנכסים הרשמי.

 

שלב 8: הפטר

במהלך כל שלב הליך פושט הרגל, רשאי פוטש הרגל להגיש בקשה לצו הפטר המעניק לו פטור מחובותיו. בית המשפט יכול לדון בבקשה, לבקש הצגת ראיות ומסמכים חשובים לדיון ולשמוע את החייב, כונס הנכסים וכל אחד מהנושים.

חישוב מס

האם יש מגבלה על סכם ההפקדה בתיקון 190

אחת הסוגיות שמדינת ישראל מתמודדת איתן ועם ההשלכות שלהן היא העדר קצבת פנסיה, או קצבת פנסיה זעומה שמקבל חלק גדול מאד מהאוכלוסייה בישראל, שכירים ועצמאים כאחד. בשנות התשעים, עת החלו גופים עסקיים רבים לעבור לשיטת העסקה דרך חברות כוח אדם ולחסוך ככל יכולתם בהוצאות השכר, נוצרה שכבה גדולה למדיי של עובדים, שאין להם קרנות פנסיה. אחת הדרכים להתמודד עם המצב, מעבר לחקיקת חוק פנסיה ממלכתי, היה תיקון 190 לפקודת מס הכנסה. מהו בדיוק תיקון 190 לפקודת מס הכנסה? מהם היתרונות שהתיקון הזה מעניק למפקידים בקופות הגמל? האם יש הגבלה על סכום ההפקדה על פי תיקן 190? כדאי לקרוא – כל התשובות בהמשך המאמר.

דמויות של אנשי מס הכנסה

תיקון 190 לפקודת מס הכנסה

תיקון 190 לפקודת מס הכנסה הוא אחד החידושים המרעננים, שהמטרה שלו היא להעניק לכל אדם המעוניין להגדיל את קצבת הפנסיה שלו, ולרשותו עומדים כספים פנויים, לעשות זאת בקלות וללא חשש. מדובר בתיקון לפקודת מס הכנסה, המאפשר לקחת תוכניות חיסכון או פיקדונות השייכים למאן דהו ולהפקיד אותם בקופת גמל ייעודית, שתשיא עבורם רווחים גבוהים הרבה יותר מאלה המשולמים בתוכניות החיסכון השונות של הבנקים, לא כל שכן בפיקדונות, שנכון לשנת 2019 נושאים ריבית אפסית..

את הסכום שהופקד ניתן למשוך בצורת קצבה חודשית, שבמצב הזה לא לוקחת המדינה מיסים על הרווחים, גדולים ככל שיהיו, שייווצרו בקופת הגמל שאליה יופקדו הכספים. אבל אם המפקיד יהיה מעוניין למשוך את הפיקדון בסכום אחד, הוא ישלם מס הכנסה מופחת על הרווחים – חמישה עשר אחוזים, במקום עשרים וחמישה אחוזי מס שהחוק מחייב.

היתרונות של תיקון 190 לפקודת מס הכנסה

את היתרון הראשון והגדול ביותר, שהוא אפשרות לרווחים פטורים ממס על רווחים בקופת הגמל, סקרנו כבר לעיל. יתרון נוסף של הפקדות כספים על פי הפקודה הזאת, הוא שאת הכסף ניתן למשוך גם אחרי תקופה קצרה יחסית, ולא תקופת חיסכון של חמש עשרה שנים, או חיסכון עד לגיל הפנסיה. אם המשיכה מתבצעת באמצעות קצבה, ואם הגיל של החוסך הוא מעל שישים, כי אז יהיה החוסך, כאמור לעיל, פטור לחלוטין מתשלום מיסים על הרווחים. יתרון חשוב נוסף הוא שאת קופת הגמל ניתן להוריש, והיורשים ייהנו בדיוק מאותן יתרונות שמהן נהנה המפקיד. הרעיון הוא שהכספים שהופקדו בקופת הגמל שייכים למפקיד, והוא יכול להוריש אותם.

באשר למגבלה על סכומי ההפקדה – המחוקק לא הגביל כלל ועיקר את סכומי ההפקדה המותרים על פי התיקון. נהפוך הוא – ככל שהסכומים כאמור גדולים יותר, כך האפשרות להגדיל את קצבת הפנסיה תהיה ריאלית יותר. לפיכך אין מניעה להפקיד כל סכום שהוא – וכל המרבה הרי זה משובח. עם זאת חשוב, כמובן, שהכסף יגיע מקורות כספיים לגיטימיים, חוקיים ושניתן להתחקות אחריהם.

שעון זהב

הברחת שעונים ותכשיטים יקרים מחול לישראל: מה העונש הצפוי?

אם עברתם עם צמידי טניס שרכשתם בחו"ל במסלול הירוק (בנמלי התעופה והים או במעבר יבשתי) ונעצרתם בחשד להברחה – כדאי שתדעו שיש לכך השלכות חמורות.

למשל : עיכוב שלכם, חקירתכם, הבאתכם להמשך הליכי מעצר הן ע"י אגף המכס, המע"מ והן ע"י משטרת ישראל וכמובן – חילוט התכשיטים והשעונים ובהמשך אפילו החרמה שלהם.

חשוב לזכור ששעונים ותכשיטים נחשבים כטובין ולכן הבאתם ארצה כרוכה בהגבלות שונות, למשל:

  • תשלום של מיסי יבוא כמו מכס, מס קנייה ומע"מ
  • הגבלות שונות הקשורות לייבוא עצמו כמו צורך באישור מטעם מכון התקנים הישראלי, אישור מטעם משרד הבריאות ועוד.

כדאי שתדעו שרשויות החוק מקפידות במיוחד בנושא של הברחת שעונים ותכשיטים מסיבה אחת – יחסית קל להבריח אותם.

טובין אלו נמצאים במקום השלישי ברשימת הפריטים המוברחים ביותר אחרי אלכוהול וסיגריות, כך שהם משאירים מאחור אתת שאר הפריטים המוברחים כמו כסף מזומן, בשמים, סמים וטלפונים ניידים (איזה תכשיט מומלץ לקנות לכלה שמתחתנת?).

הברחת שעונים ותכשיטים

החוק לא נגמר בטרמינל

הסמכויות של רשויות החוק אינן נגמרות בטרמינלים עצמם, כך שהם יכולים לעצור אתכם לחקירה גם בחנייה ולבקש מכם להתלוות אליהם. המשמעות היא שגם אם עברתם במסלול הירוק, אתם לא יכולים לנשום לרווחה עם סגירת הדלתות מאחוריכם.

למשל, אדם מבוגר שעבר שבמזוודתו נמצאו קופסאות ריקות של תכשיטים עורר את חשדם של המוכסים.

התברר שהוא רכש תכשיטים ושעונים בחו"ל, אבל כדי לא להצהיר עליכם כטובין ולנסות להתחמק מתשלום המס הוא נקט בפעולה מקורית – הוא ביקש מבתו ומאשתו לענוד אותם. זה כמובן לא עזר לו והוא נדרש לשלם את המכס על הטובין בתוספת קנס…

המוכסים שמים לב גם לבגדים שלכם. למשל, שמלות רחבות של נשים מעוררות את החשד שמתחתיהן מסתתרים שעונים יוקרתיים שמוסלקים בכיסים מיוחדים.

 

עבירות מכס

אחת העבירות כאמור קשורה באי-תשלום המכס הנדרש. לצורך תפיסה של עברייני מכס מפעילה רשות המיסים מערך של בדיקה ובקרה מתקדם, אנושי וטכנולוגי במעברי הגבול השונים בישראל: נמלי הים, האויר ומעברי הגבול היבשתיים.

כמו כן, רשות המיסים מאתרת עבריינים שמנסים להבריח טובין לישראל באמצעות הדואר כדי להתחמק מתשלום מכס, למשל:

  • עבריינים שמנסים להציג את היבוא המסחרי כיבוא אישי
  • עבריינים שמעבירים דיווח שקרי ומצהירים הצהרות כוזבות על ערך הטובין ועל מהותו

בנוסף, רשויות המכס עוקבות אחריכם גם ברשתות החברתיות כמו פייסבוק ואינסטגרם. למשל, אם העליתם תמונות שלכם בחו"ל עונדים תכשיטים ו/או שעונים יקר ערך – צפו לבדיקה של רשויות המכס עם חזרתכם ארצה.

Is Alcover only prescribable in acute abstinence? Statement by the National SITD Directorate

a recent decision by the Scientific Technical Committee of AIFA, the Italian agency of the drug, may lead to a restriction of the indications authorized for Alcover .

In practice it would only be indicated in acute withdrawal syndrome, and it would no longer be possible to use it in later stages, such as anticraving and to prevent relapse .

It is easy to understand how such a change worries the addiction clinicians. The drug has been in use in Italy for almost thirty years without significant problems, and has allowed thousands of people to free themselves from alcohol addiction. Such a restriction of indications would not only deprive addiction medicine of a unique instrument (there are no other drugs authorized in Italy for alcoholism with the same pharmacodynamic profile) but would pose a serious problem for existing drug treatments, for which one should hypothesize a suspension with times and modalities all to be determined, and a concrete risk of inducing relapse into alcoholism .

For this reason, the SITD National Executive issued a press release that we report below and also in printable PDF.

We invite members and clinicians interested in contacting AIFA through the online form made available to health professionals indicating their personal details, the company and the membership service, and their motivated opinion on this restriction of indications.

To WHOM IT MAY CONCERN

SITD COMMUNICATION FOLLOWING THE AIFA DECISION " Outcome Area Supervision Post Marketing CTS 29, 30 and 31 October 2018"

In recent days we have been informed that during the CTS meeting of 29-30-31 us, among the various drugs analyzed, a restriction of the indications of use of the drug Alcover oral solution was proposed .

Recall that the drug is distributed both in Italy and in Austria. In particular, in Italy it has been prescribed since 1991. The use of this drug during these 27 years has marked a fundamental and significant step in the pharmacological treatment of alcohol use disorder associated with psychosocial interventions (Biggio et al., 1992; Ferrara et al., 1992; Gallimberti et al., 1992; June et al., 1995; Addolorato et al., 1996, 1999, Beghè and Carpanini, 2000; Gessa et al., 2000; Stella et al., 2008) . Currently it is used with good results both for the treatment of the withdrawal syndrome and for the maintenance of abstention from alcohol, in particular in subjects with very high risk alcohol consumption (more than 100 g / day of alcohol for men) and more than 60 g / day of alcohol for women).(Gallimberti et al., 1989; Addolorato et al., 1996, 1998, 1999; Moncini et al., 2000; Nimmerrichter et al., 2002; Caputo et al., 2003, 2007; Nava et al., 2007; al., 2001, 2008, 2011; Maremmani et al., 2001, 2011, Cacciaglia et al., 2013; Skala et al., 2014, Caputo et al., 2015) .

Among the various treatments available, the Alcover is a therapeutic device of proven efficacy, witnessed by thousands of patients and numerous works in the literature (Addolorato et al., 1996; Stella et al., 2001, 2008; Keating, 2014; den Brink et al., 2018, etc.) , in an extremely disabling pathology, both in terms of life expectancy and in terms of social and health costs, direct or indirect (Rehm et al., 2018).

The limitation of therapeutic indications would certainly create a problem with unforeseeable consequences with a serious risk to the health of patients with alcohol dependence . In fact, the reduction of the indications given only for use in the abstinence crisis, would preclude treatment for a significant number of alcoholic patients with possible repercussions on the functioning of the Services with serious consequences for both health care workers and patients. It will be necessary to understand how it will be possible to guarantee the therapeutic continuity for the thousands and thousands of patients in maintenance treatment for the control of craving and how to manage a phase of transition that should lead to prescribe the drug only in control of withdrawal symptoms.

It is therefore obvious that, according to the above, our Company would urge all the Authors involved in the issue of reconsidering this decision, so that professionals can continue to prescribe in science and conscience the drug as happened in this almost last thirty years. , avoiding further unnecessary problems also because many have been told that denying access to the best care is a crime against humanity .

November 16, 2018

The National Direction
SITD Società Italiana Tossicodipendenze

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ADDOLORATO, Giovanni, et al. An open multicentric study evaluating 4-hydroxybutyric acid sodium salt in the medium-term treatment of 179 alcohol dependent subjects. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 1996, 31.4: 341-345.

ADDOLORATO, Giovanni, et al. Maintaining abstinence from alcohol with γ-hydroxybutyric acid. The Lancet, 1998, 351.9095: 38.

ADDOLORATO, Giovanni, et al. γ-Hydroxybutyric acid in the treatment of alcoholism: dosage fractioning utilities in non-responders alcoholic patients. Drug and alcohol dependence, 1998, 53.1: 7-10.

ADDOLORATO, Giovanni, et al. Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome: a randomized comparative study versus benzodiazepine. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 1999, 23.10: 1596-1604.

BEGHÈ, Franco; CARPANINI, Maria Teresa. Safety and tolerability of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in the treatment of alcohol-dependent patients. Alcohol, 2000, 20.3: 223-225.

BIGGIO, Giovanni, et al. Suppression of voluntary alcohol intake in rats and alcoholics by gamma-hydroxybutyric acid: a non-GABAergic mechanism. Advances in biochemical psychopharmacology, 1992, 47: 281-288.

CACCIAGLIA, Roberto et al., P30gate 2 Study: Sodium Oxybate in the Maintenance of Alcohol Abstinence and Prevention of Alcohol Relapse. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2013, 48.suppl_1: i46-i49.

CAPUTO, Fabio, et al. Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid versus naltrexone in maintaining alcohol abstinence: an open randomized comparative study. Drug and alcohol dependence, 2003, 70.1: 85-91.

4 tips on how to identify a good law firm

There are many advantages of working with a law firm as opposed to working with independent lawyers, with the main benefit being that they will often have a bigger legal team working on your case thereby increasing your chances of success. It’s however noteworthy that not all firms will give you good service. You therefore need to figure out how best to determine the type of law firm that will serve you best.

In this article, we are going to share with you 4 tips on how to identify a good law firm.

1 The firm should have a specific focus area

In as much as many law firms are marketed as full service firms where you can get accesses to almost any type of legal service you require, this may not necessarily be a good thing. The field of law is too broad therefore a firm attempting to cover it all my end up spreading itself too thin and end up not offering good quality service. It’s good to work with a firm that has a specific focus area because this shows you that they have a mastery in the field.

2 The firm should demonstrate compassion towards its clients

Sometimes law firms may focus too much on the bottom line and forget about the needs of the client therefore this is something you should check out for. A firm that demonstrates compassion towards its clients is one in which its lawyers will always prioritize the needs of the client, empathize with them and give them the best legal representation.

3 The firm should have good leadership

The success of any organization will always be determined by the quality of its leadership therefore as you are trying to identify a law firm to represent you, you must always try to find out more about the leadership team behind the firm. Their professional experience and track record among a number of other things will give you a true indication of whether their firm will be the best fit for you.

4 The lawyers in the firm must be honest

One thing that clients deserve more than anything else from their lawyers is honesty because this is usually the key to helping them make sound decisions when it comes to their legal affairs. It’s therefore crucial for you be able to determine how honest lawyers in a law firm are before you make the decision to hire the firm. It will help if you can get references from the past and present clients.

These are pretty easy things to figure out especially keeping in mind that the legal profession is a very public profession therefore there are many places you can source for this information from the internet to the corridors of court.

These are some of the main benefits of out of court settlements

In as much as many people will desire to have their day in court because they have a strong case and are confident that their legal team will tear the opposition team apart, an out of court settlement may actually be a better option for you. When seeking from advice from your lawyer as to whether to take a case to trial or reach an out of court settlement, it’s always a good idea for you to have an idea of the pros and cons of both so that as your lawyer advises you, you are in a position to make a decision from a point of knowledge.

In this article, we are going to look at 4 benefits of out of court settlements.

1 Such settlements are less costly

It’s no secret that court cases are expensive. It becomes even worse when a case gets drawn out because of appeals or even counter suits. At the end of the day, both parties are looking at a significant financial drain and it can even get worse for the losing party if they are ordered to pay for the legal costs of their opponent. Taking the option of an out of court settlement will therefore save both parties of such costs.

2 Settlements always guarantee an outcome

Most out of court settlements are characterized by both parties reaching an amicable resolution in which both parties are satisfied. The parties will always strive to reach an agreement that is fair to both of them. The same can’t be said of a trial in open court because you can never predict what the judge or jury will decide. Both parties may end up with a ruling that doesn’t favor them.

3 Settlements are much quicker

Parties negotiating an out of court settlement will seldom drag the process because the negotiations will be dispensed with quickly so that the parties can move on to other things. The same can’t be said about a trial in open court because it can end up dragging for months or even years.

4 Settlements allow for privacy

The good thing about out of court settlements is that they can be done privately and even include non-disclosure agreements therefore barring any of the parties involved from publicly revealing details about the settlement. The same does not apply to a trial in open court because everything will be done in the public eye.

You should always be cognizant of the fact that out of court settlements are binding therefore before you agree to one, always ensure that it has been done after receiving sound legal advice or even in the presence of your legal counsel.

The 2 main benefits of mediation during a divorce case

One of the most common types of cases that are heard in family court are divorce cases. Whereas many people assume such cases must be messy, this is a wrong assumption because mediation is a better option, and more and more couples are beginning to enjoy its benefits which are a way better option than going through a messy divorce case in open court.

Mediation is basically the bringing in of an impartial party to oversee the negotiations that are being done by the divorcing couple. The mediator’s job is essentially to find a middle ground for the couple so that they can reach an amicable agreement especially on the issues that have been heavily contested.

Here are the 2 main benefits of mediation during a divorce case.

Mediation will tremendously bring down costs

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Divorce cases can be expensive. In fact, they are very expensive. When a couple calculates how much each of them spends on their lawyers, as well as on all the court related costs in addition to the time, they will realize that this cost is too high. That money could have been used on so many other activities that are beneficial to the family. Statistics indicate that a couple will save between 40% and 60% if they instead go through mediation. This is because the process does not carry the burden of court related costs, and you can also do it without your lawyer present hence save significantly on your legal costs. Even if you opt to have your lawyer present, the billable hours will be much less in comparison to a trial.

Mediation has much better results for the children

Generally, the biggest loser in a divorce case is usually the children. Whichever way it plays out, they will still end up with a split family and feeling as though they have to choose between their parents.A trial in open court will end up much worse for them especially if the parents decide to tear into each other which is often the case. This can all be avoided by mediation. If this process is done well and it’s successful, the kids will enjoy the benefit of peace of mind as they see their parents amicably settling their differences and handling their disagreement in a more mature way.

As you are consulting a family lawyer to take up your divorce case, it’s advisable to have an open discussion with them on which between mediation and open court will bring a much better outcome for you as well as your family.

Law – Every citizen must be aware of these 3 fundamental rights

In America, it’s often believed that every person who faces an accusation for a crime must be presumed innocent until they areproven guilty. This is a benefit that is enshrined in the constitution and must be respected by every duty bearer in the justice system.This also means that every citizen must be aware of their individual rights and freedoms so that they also can ensure that they are not violated by those in authority.

Let’s take a look at the 3 fundamental rights that every citizen must be aware of.

1 The 5th Amendment Rights

Thanks to the 5th Amendment Rights any citizen facing an accusation of having committed a crime reserves the right neither to answer any questions nor make any form of statement that will result in them incriminating themselves in the crime they are being accused of. The 5th Amendment Rights will apply at each and every stage of a criminal investigation and also prosecution. In addition, this right guarantees an accused person that they will be entitled to due process of the law which entails a fair and impartial adjudication process, before they can be subjected to any form of legal consequence. through an adjudication process that is fair and impartial.

2 The 6th Amendment Rights

Thanks to the 6th Amendment Rights, any citizen who has been branded as a criminal defendant will get to enjoy a very specific set of rights that will guarantee them a fair adjudication process. These rights include being fully informed about why as well as the nature of charges they are facing, right to trial by a jury, a trial that is done in a timely manner, the right to be informed of the nature and cause of all accusations against them, the right to legal representation, and right to confront all the witnesses against them as well as have witnesses testify on their behalf.

3 The 8th Amendment Rights

Thanks to the 8th Amendment Rights every accused person is protected against excessive, unusual or cruel punishment. The Miranda rights which everyone taken into police custody is entitled to also fall under the 8th Amendment Rights as they ensure that anyone taken into police custody is fully aware of what their legal entitlements are.

These 3 rights are very fundamental in the American judicial process therefore it’s very important for every citizen to be fully aware of them and when they each apply so that they don’t end up being treaded unjustly while going through the judicial process.

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Here are the 4 main functions of law

Have you ever sought to wonder what the world would look like if we didn’t have law? Well, this is not a scenario anyone would wish to contemplate. Let’s just be happy and thankful that we live in a world where law exists. Through this article we are going to look at the functions of law with the intention of giving you an idea of why law exists.

Here are the 4 main functions of law.

It helps in the promotion of common good

Law is meant to create a society where everyone can coexist peacefully with each other and this is what helps in promotion of the common good for the entire society. Through peaceful coexistence, every member of the society gets to enjoy their own individual liberties and what the law does is ensure that as individuals enjoy these liberties they don’t infringe on the liberties of others. This is a very important function of law because if there was no element of control, most individuals would only look out for their own self-interests at the expense of others.

It helps to defend society from evil

Law will always sanction evil deeds in society and this helps in providing some much needed defense against harm that may be caused deliberately or in deliberately. Society will therefore ensure that there are laws that serve different contexts from the family which is the basic unit, to the country and even the globe through international law. The idea is to ensure that every individual in society is well protected against any possible scenario of evil whether domestic or foreign.

It encourages people to do right

Because law exists, people are well aware that sanctions exist for bad deeds as people who break the law by doing wrongful acts that cause harm to others or their property will be punished. It’s this possibility of punishment that acts a deterrent against wrong deeds thus encouraging people to do the right things.

It helps in disputes resolution

Because law exists, there is a framework available for disputes resolution among members of a particular society. Because people within the society will always be competing for the limited resources that exist, there is always a chance of people stepping on each other’s toes. It’s the law that will provide modalities and recourse during such disputes.

It’s noteworthy that we don’t live in a perfect world therefore law has not really been able to accomplish its full purpose. In the same breath however, the world is a much better and much safer place because we have law.

Law –The 5 common areas of legal practice

When you are looking for a lawyer to represent you, it’s always advisable to know the exact kind of lawyer you are in need of and this will depend on the nature of the legal issue you are facing. There are quite a number of different types of lawyers handling different types of cases, but there are a few types of cases that would be considered as very common today.

This article seeks to look at the 5 common areas of legal practice.

Family law

Family law is the area of law that will involve legal issues pertaining to the family and will often be handled by lawyers with a specialization in family law. Legal issues that fall under the family law docket are issues such as child welfare, adoption, marriage and divorce, domestic partnerships, and civil unions, among a host of other issues that will fall under the context of a family.

Criminal law

Criminal law is the area of law that will focus on matters that are considered as illegal and are considered as violations of the criminal code. Such matters may include but not be limited to violations of basic rights as well as individual liberties. These types of matters are handled by lawyers with a specialization in criminal law.

Labor law

Labor law is an area of law that will primarily address matters pertaining to relations between employers and their employees. Such matters will include but not limited to wages, compensation and benefits, workplace discrimination and harassment, as well as collective bargaining, among others. These matters will always be handled by lawyers with a specialization in labor law.

Corporate law

Corporate law is an area of law that will primarily address matters pertaining to the corporate sector which will include but not limited to their formation as well as dissolution, and these specifically involve internal reorganization, mergers, acquisitions, patents, as well as compliance with regulation, among other things. Lawyers handling such legal matters have to be specialized in corporate law.

Personal injury law

Personal injury law is an area of law that will primarily focus on matters that involve the intentional or unintentional causing of harm to an individual or a group of people which ends up causing physical or psychological damage to them. This will include but not be limited to cases such as wrongful death, product liability, medical malpractice, and workplace injury, among many others. Lawyers handling such legal matters have to be specialized in personal injury law.

As we mentioned at the beginning, there are numerous areas of law but these are just some of the common ones that are likely to be experienced. It’s therefore important for every individual in need of legal counsel to have an idea of where their case falls under so that they can be able to get the right lawyer to handle their case.